Scope of Practice

scope of practice
CLCs have successfully completed a minimum of 95 hours of training based upon the footprint of the World Health Organization/ UNICEF Breastfeeding Counseling Training Course; have successfully passed a criterion-referenced examination; and demonstrated the competencies and skills required to provide safe, evidence-based counseling for pregnant, lactating and breastfeeding women.

The CLC - Scope of Practice

The Certified Lactation Counselor® (CLC®) is a clinical, professional lactation care provider who has demonstrated the necessary skills, knowledge, and abilities to provide clinical breastfeeding counseling and management support to families who are thinking about breastfeeding or who have questions or problems during the course of breastfeeding/lactation.

CLCs are individuals who have successfully completed a minimum of 95 hours of training based upon the footprint of the World Health Organization/UNICEF Breastfeeding Counseling Training Course and a Job Task Analysis; have passed a criterion-referenced examination administered by the Academy of Lactation Policy and Practice (ALPP); and have demonstrated the clinical competencies and skills required to provide safe, evidence-based counseling for pregnant, lactating, and breastfeeding families, including the:

  • Ability to recognize one’s own and others’ attitudes, values, and expectations about infant feeding and healthy lifestyles.
  • Ability to apply the concept of an individualized approach to counseling and management of breastfeeding, from preconception through weaning.
  • Ability to use appropriate, effective, and client-centered communication skills.
  • Demonstrate the ability to identify opportunities to offer information/education within the counseling encounter to women, the whole family constellations, the community, health care providers, and other health care workers; counsel and educate pregnant women and mothers regarding breastfeeding.
  • Ability to assess physical, nutritional, and psychosocial aspects and the mental status of the breastfeeding dyad.
  • Ability to utilize reliable tools to assess affective/ineffective breastfeeding and milk transfer.
  • Ability to incorporate evidence-based approaches to clinical practice and make appropriate referrals operating on the continuum of the health care team.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of programs, policies, and legislation on state, national, and international levels that promote, protect and support breastfeeding; Facilitate the development of, and advocate for, public health strategies and/or policies that serve to protect, promote and support breastfeeding.

ALPP develops and administers the CLC examination to assess the knowledge and skills that underlie competent practice in lactation counseling. The development, administration, and scoring of the CLC exam, after participants have met the skills competency requirements, promotes competency in lactation management, skills, and knowledge and thereby fulfills the mission of ALPP.

The purpose of the CLC certification is to protect the public by identifying individuals who are competent in lactation management skills and knowledge. Many individuals who hold the CLC credential have other licenses and education, including nurses, peer counselors, doulas, dietitians, nutritionists, home visitors, physicians, midwives, occupational and speech therapy, mental health counselors, etc. Because of the diverse background and training of CLCs, this listing does not encompass activities that many CLCs may conduct under the umbrella of other licensure, training, or knowledge.

Knowledge and Competency of the CLC

CLCs have demonstrated the knowledge and skill to:

  • Integrate knowledge and evidence, as well as demonstrate competency from a minimum of 95 hours of training (3 College Credits in Breastfeeding and Human Lactation Management) based upon the footprint of the World Health Organization/UNICEF Breastfeeding Counseling Guidelines when providing care for breastfeeding families.
  • Construct and maintain conditions that predispose mothers and babies to an uncomplicated breastfeeding experience through counseling, education, clinical management, and support.
  • Monitor and evaluate behavioral, cultural, and social conditions predisposing mothers and babies to an uncomplicated breastfeeding experience.
  • Assess for, monitor, and evaluate physical conditions that predispose mothers and babies to a complex breastfeeding experience.
  • Monitor and evaluate behavioral, cultural, and social conditions that predispose mothers and babies to complex breastfeeding experiences.
  • Provide needed evidence-based information regarding breastfeeding and medications, tobacco use, alcohol, and illicit drugs.
  • Provide needed evidence-based information regarding complementary and alternative therapies.
  • Identify and advocate for aspects of breastfeeding management programs that facilitate optimal health outcomes.
  • Assess breastfeeding using a multi-faceted approach.
  • Use counseling skills and techniques that are supportive to breastfeeding mothers and babies, practicing in a clinically competent manner.
  • Facilitate the development of, and advocate for, public health strategies and/or policies that serve to protect, promote and support breastfeeding.
  • Coordinate care consistent with standards of professional ethics and behavior.

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Become a Certified Lactation Counselor

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Become an Advanced
Lactation Consultant

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Become an Advanced
Nurse Lactation Consultant

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